Revision Questions on Israel-Palestine – Depth Study

4 markers 1.       What was the Jewish claim to Palestine? 2.       What is the reason for the conflict between the Jews and the Arabs in Palestine? 3.       What is Zionism? 4.       What was the Arab claim to Palestine? 5.       How did the Jews trace their occupation of Palestine? 6.       How did the Nazi policy of…

Russia Under Stalin

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was born on 18th December 1878. He held complete power over Soviet Union after Lenin and he held on till his death on March 5th 1953. He held the post of General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union but he was a dictator in many…

Russia Under Lenin

Vladimir IIich Ulanov, known popularly as Lenin, was the leader of Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 and went to become the architect of the Soviet Union and became its first head. Lenin came out of an exile to lead the revolution in 1917. He mobilised the people, consolidated his power cracked down all those who opposed…

Spain under General Franco

Francisco Franco Bahamonde popularly known as General Franco was a military dictator who ruled over Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. General Franco came to power by sheer dint of courage and by holding on fiercely to his ideals. He was a conservative who believed in monarchy. He was against the establishment of…

Italy under Benito Mussolini

Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was a journalist turned politician. He was the leader of the National Fascist Party and was the Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.  He was elected to the post constitutionally and ruled so for three years. After that he dropped the pretence of democracy and took up the administration in his dictatorial…

Afghan Civil War

Afghan Civil War started after the Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan and it left the Afghan communist government to protect themselves from the Mujahideen. The phase of the war was in between 1989 to 1992. Even though the government fell in 1992 the civil war continued and there was large spread infighting within the government….

Revision Questions on The Gulf Crisis

Revision Questions on The Gulf Crisis   4 markers   How was Iraq governed in the 20th century? What was Arab nationalism? What did the Baath Party stand for? What was the role of Khairallah Tulfah in Saddam’s rise to power? Describe Saddam’s early political activities (1957-1961). How did Saddam’s membership to the Regional Command become…

The Village Saint – Bessie Head

Author Background Appearing again and again in the works of Bessie Head are the themes of exile, alienation and racial and social oppression. Racism profoundly affected life in South Africa. It dehumanized both oppressor and oppressed. Being of mixed race, Head experienced discrimination in South Africa where she was born and in her adoptive country,…

The Journey – Patricia Grace

Patricia Grace is the first Maori woman writer to have published a novel. She writes in English trying to copy the cadences of the Maori language. The themes of most of her writing are the lost Maori way of life, the Maori bond with land and nature and the clashes these produce when they come…

Crazy Horse Electric Game – Chris Crutcher

Author background Chris Crutcher is a writer of young adult fiction who tackles the themes of physical disability and loss of identity. Most of his heroes are young adults who excel in sports but through an accident lose their physical prowess. Their role in life changes suddenly changes and they cannot cope with the loss…

Afghan War (Part II)

The battle of Shopian happened between the Sikh Empire and Jabbar Khan, the then governor of the Durrani Empire province of Kashmir on 3rd July 1819. The Events That Lead To The War The Sikh Empire was forced to send consecutive disciplinary military mission against the hill states of Bhimber, Rajauri, Poonch, Nurpur, and others. The idea was…

The Yellow Wallpaper – Catherine Perkins Gilman

Author Background Catherine Perkins Gilman was an early feminist who lived an unconventional lifestyle that was not understood by the people of her time. When she a young girl, her father abandoned his family. Catherine was raised by her mother with help from her absent father’s aunts who included Harriet Beecher Stowe, the author of…

The Signalman – Charles Dickens

Author Background Dickens is perhaps England’s best known novelist. He was also a social critic who was concerned about the condition of women and children who worked in squalid sweat-shops that were common in many of the towns of England. Most of Dickens’ stories have important characters who struggle against the adverse social conditions. Dickens…

The Lemon Orchard – Alex La Guma

Author Background Alex La Guma was born in South Africa to a Jimmy La Guma who was very active in anti-apartheid politics. Even when he was a very young man, Alex La Guma took part in strikes organized to protest against working conditions of the blacks in factories. For his effort, he was banned from…

Meteor – John Wyndham

Author Background John Wyndham was only one of the many pen names the writer John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris used in his life time. Others were John Beynon, John Beynon Harris, Johnson Harris, Lucas Parkes and Wyndham Parkes. When he was eight years old, his parents divorced. Following this, he and his brother Vivian…

Games at Twilight – Anita Desai

Background Anita Desai is an Indian novelist who was born to a German mother and an Indian father. Though she was born in India and spent her early life there, she moved to the US to work and write there. She has travelled extensively and taught creative writing in several colleges. Many of her works…

An Englishman’s Home – Evelyn Waugh

Author Background Evelyn Waugh is considered to have been one of the best writers of English prose in the twentieth century.  Sharp wit and satirical insight mark most of his writing. He was capable of fictionalizing even the most disturbing events of his life, his mental breakdown, for example. He is best known for his…

Afghan War (Part I)

Afghanistan has been a geographical area which is marked by strife and struggle in the form of battles, civil wars and terrorism.  Afghanistan was a part of India then and India was ruled by different clans. The Hindu, Sikh and the Afghans has their kingdom spread all over North India and the initial wars were…