Arab–Israeli Conflict

The Arab –Israeli conflict which started soon after the Second World War, in reality continues till date.  It was its peak between 1945 and 1979. Territorial allocations have brought a little peace in the area but yet the control over Gaza strip, Jerusalem is still being debated.  To go to its initial stages, one has to delve a little deeper into History. The British controlled Palestine and a British Mandate for Palestine was signed which was valid from 29 September 1923 – 15 May 1948. There was a demographic movement during and after the Second World War. Many Palestine Arabs left Palestine and lived as refugees, supported by the UN, in many other Arab countries. On the other hand the Jewish government encouraged Jewish immigrants from all over the world to move into Israel.  The demographic make-up changed drastically in a few years.

United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) proposed partition of Palestine at the end of British Mandate. Jewish agency pressurised UN for exclusion of Arab countries and Britain in the committee. They also wanted to visit the holocaust camps to look for the survivors. The Arabs were sure that they were getting raw deal. After three months UNSCOP, which eventually had a liaison to the Arab Higher Committee, submitted its report.

  • Region was partitioned for the Arabs and Jews.
  • An international regime was to be stationed.
  • Religious interest was to be guarded
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Arabs never wanted a partition of the land so when it was done civil war started. From then till now there are wars over land. Jews went ahead with their plan. After the Arabs left Palestine, Jews occupied the deserted villages and farms. They also did not allow them to return.  In 1949 there was election and Ben Gurion of the Mapai became the first Prime Minister. The Arabs who stayed back were not happy with the government and they got together to start nationalist movements. They wanted economic and social reforms and also an end to foreign interference.  Political instability was the result of these movements. Also the Jews who emigrated from Arab countries were considered to be inferior and there was discrimination. The Arabs were under military rule. Civil wars and battles between Arabs and Jews ensued.  Between January and July 1949 armistice agreement was signed. Today some parts of Israel are fully developed with many innovations from coming from that country. Yet the Arab part of Israel and some other parts of Jewish Israel is very backward. UN has failed in bringing peace in that area but efforts are still on and it is hoped that some stable decision will be reached at in near future.