Category Archives: IGCSE Geography

Industrial impacts on the Economy

Impact Of Different Industries On A Nation’s Economy The economy of a nation gets impacted by various kinds of industries. For any economy, the growth of different kinds of industries is very important. If industries grow, then there has to be significant growth in the economy. Some of the industries have had a positive effect… Read More »

Factors influencing the development of Industries

Factors That Influence The Setting Up Of An Industry Any industry is influenced by a number of factors: • Location Location is an important factor that can influence the setting up of an industry. The location is influenced by a number of non economic or economic considerations. The factor of profit maximization is very important… Read More »

Pangaea And Plate Tectonics

According to studies conducted by various scientists across the world, it has been found that there was a supercontinent existing in the past. Later on over the years this super continent broke up and drifted in different directions leading to a number of continents over the globe. It is termed as the breakup of the… Read More »

Different Types Of Migration

When people move from one place to another in the world, across countries for the sake of taking a semi permanent of permanent residence, it is termed as migration or human migration. Reasons For Migration There are a number of reasons why people migrate. Disadvantages and advantages of ‘moving’ versus ‘staying’ are first considered, besides… Read More »

The Big Bang Theory

The Big Bang theory is an explanation about things that occurred at the time when the universe came into existence. A lot of discoveries have been made in physics and astronomy which indicated that the universe did have a beginning; that is beyond any kind of reasonable doubt. Studies indicate that before the universe came… Read More »

The Indian Natural Drainage System

Indian Drainage There are two types of river systems in India. They are known as the Himalayan and Peninsular river systems. They differ on the basis of the evolution of their respective rivers. The Himalayan Rivers: The Himalayan river system consists of three major rivers namely the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra along with… Read More »

Constructing a geographic case – study

How To Write A Good Geography Case Study To ensure good grades in geography, you will need to use some great case studies and named examples in your answers. Just writing down facts about the case study will not suffice. • Provide A Description To The Problem You will need to describe the case question or… Read More »

Indian Relief – The Peninsular plateau

3. The Peninsular Plateau: This is the oldest landmass in India. It forms an irregular triangle which is surrounded by hills on all sides. Its base lies between the Delhi ridge and the Rajmahal hills with its apex near Kanyakumari. To the north and north – west of this plateau lie the Aravali, the Satpura, the… Read More »

Indian Relief – The Himalyan mountain complex

Indian Relief India is a vast country which has a great diversity of relief features. Its physiographic diversity includes lofty young fold mountains, flat plains and one of the oldest plateaus of the world. The Indian islands have their own unique personality. India is generally divided into the following relief divisions. 1. The Himalayan mountain complex… Read More »

Tourism and its impacts

HISTORY OF TOURISM Tourism was quite less before world war one. Only the elite class travelled to different places for pleasure, or those who were adventurous and wanted to explore. After both world wars tourism somehow came to a halt and revived itself thereafter, that is during the industrial revolution and the renaissance period. The… Read More »

Frigid Zone

The earth’s surface is divided into five zones, namely, the South Frigid Zone, the North Frigid Zone, the South Temperate Zone, the North Temperate Zone, and the Torrid Zone. Different kinds of climates are experienced in different regions across the world due to the various geographical zones. Cold climate is experienced in the Polar region… Read More »


The equator is the imaginary line or a great circle which is on the surface of the earth which is equidistant from the South Pole and the North Pole and divides the earth into the Southern Hemisphere and the Northern Hemisphere. It intersects the surface of the sphere with a perpendicular plane to the axis… Read More »

Temperate Zone

Out of the five geographical zones of the earth, one is the temperate zone. This zone is located between either the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer or the Antarctic Circe and the Tropic of Capricorn. Regions falling in the temperate zone experience, an average temperature of more than 10 degrees Fahrenheit anywhere between… Read More »

Torrid Zone

Surface of the earth is has five main zones and these zones are marked by latitudes. The main circles of latitude divide these zones. Related to the Sun’s behavior and the climate, there are many differences seen in the geographical zones. Out of the five zones one is the Torrid Zone. The Torrid Zone is… Read More »

How Does Man Contribute To Weathering And Erosion?

When minerals, rocks and soil break down it is called weathering. All these come in contact with the atmosphere of the earth, air and the water. Weathering involves no movement while in erosion there is movement of sand, rocks, minerals etc from one place to another place. Weathering is of two types called chemical weathering… Read More »

Global Warming – A Warning

What Is Global Warming When average temperature of the earth’s surface increases, it leads to global warming. The effect of greenhouse gases causes global warming. The greenhouse effect is caused by deforestation or the burning of fuel fossils leading to emissions of carbon dioxide and other kinds of greenhouse gases. Heat gets trapped instead being… Read More »