A committee was required by the United Nations for resolving a number of security issues and political tensions resulting from the Second World War.
When Was DISEC Founded
After the World War II, a lot of weapons that were conventional were being used for destruction on a mass scale. The committee initiated as two different committees namely the Atomic Energy Commission and the Commission for Conventional Armaments. DISEC – Disarmament and International Security Committee was founded when the United Nations was created. It is the United Nation’s first general assembly.
The committee of DISEC is the one of the General Assembly’s main committees. The main organ of the United Nations is the General Assembly which consists of all United Nation’s 192 members. Main purpose of the General Assembly is creating and maintaining cooperation and peace globally between states related to educational, security, cultural, health, social and economic concerns. The DISEC issues resolutions thus focusing on the establishment of disarmament and security at a global level.
Aims And Objectives Of DISEC
The United Nations established the DISEC committee with the purpose of serving as a forum for all representatives of member countries of the United Nations so that they are able to debate on various issues related to security and disarmament in an environment where equality prevails.
Relevant measures are taken by the committee to reduce or prevent conflicts and hostilities between various countries on matters that the Security Council of the United Nations does not discuss. Fostering security, disarmament and peace all over the globe, is the main purpose and role of DISEC.
It has been stated in the United Nations Charter that the committee of DISEC has to consider the general principles related to cooperation for maintaining security and peace at an international level. However, DISEC does not possess power for authorized intervention of arms or imposing sanction, unlike the Security Council of the United Nations.
As far as recent issues related to the recent security and disarmament sphere is concerned, the DISEC proves to be the first level for the purpose of discussing those issues. Thus it is able to provide greater freedom to various states for the purpose of developing their positions fully and also to set up directions in a systematic manner. For making resolutions of the General Assembly, the resolutions of DISEC function as a constitutive basis and raw material for resolutions of the General Assembly. Resolutions are submitted to the Security Council or the Secretariat, in the form of recommendations.
Members Of The DISEC
All the United Nation’s member states form the committee for DISEC. Each of the member states has one vote. A simple vote is passed in the majority to pass the resolutions.
Members involved in consultations of the DISEC Committee are provided with the most unique opportunities for participating actively in contributing to better understanding and formulating agenda for global security, besides providing solutions and recommendations to different forms of disarmament, conflicts within countries and other matters related to security policies.
Delegates from Sudan, Afghanistan, France, Benin, Egypt, USA, Chile, Hungary, Italy, Ukraine, Togo, Russian, Israel, Japan, China, Spain, Greece, Nigeria, Herzegovina and Bosnia, India, Syrian Arab Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain, Turkey, Peru, Cuba, Northern Island, Pakistan, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Burundi, Gambia, Azerbaijan, Canada, Thailand, Algeria, Austria, Switzerland, Australia, Djibouti, Mexico, Somalia, Poland, Jamaica, Nepal, Bhutan, Lisbon, Iraq and Singapore are members of the DISEC committee.
Functions Of The DISEC
There are 193 member countries of the United Nations that have a voice and vote to the DISEC. Every year the committee meets for the purpose of discussing different issues that come under its mandate. In the past, recommendations have been sent to the UN Secretariat and the UNSC by DISEC, but by itself DISEC is not able to impose any kind of sanction, pass any kind of binding resolution or authorize the intervention of arms. Accordingly as far as global peace is concerned, a considerable role is being played by DISEC.
Recent Global Crisis Handled By DISEC
Foreign military bases have been built over a mass network by certain nations over the last century. These nations have rulers who are dangerous and ruthless and are a threat to world peace. Facilities provided by these rogue rulers are being used for undermining stability at international level, perpetuating conflicts and weapon proliferation. These military bases are integral to a number of wars that have been fought during the past few decades thus causing environmental and social issues on the local level. DISEC delegates address the social, political and economic aspects of various issues and develop a suitable framework which helps in maintaining peace over the world and at the same time render ineffective these foreign military bases and their negative consequences.
DISEC has focused on some of the issues relating to nuclear proliferation, trading of small arm, the Arctic Circle security and cyber-security, since the past few years. Some of the other recent crisis handled by DISEC is disputes of territories and resources underwater. Natural resources over the world are depleting and ice caps are melting. Accordingly many of the nations have begun venturing deep into the ocean and further away from coasts in the effort to obtain raw materials. Also showing up are tensions in many areas including South China Sea which increases the need for a proper framework to use, discover and develop resources under the water. Accordingly the morality and legality of establishing military bases on the offshore have been considered by DISEC. Economic, social and political problems are created at the established foreign military bases. A framework is created by DISEC for closing, operating and establishing of foreign military bases. The DISEC committee has been a stimulating and engaging
one for all in concern.
The committee was termed as the Political and Security Committee before 1970 and had a focus mainly on political issues. However as of now the focus is on eradication and reduction of biological, conventional, chemical and nuclear weapons which threaten peace and security the globe over. More focus is being laid on terrorist threats, outer space issues, accessibility of weapons by terrorists for mass destruction and technological us for breaching security of countries.