Quarrying is one of the earliest activities done for building stone and extracting metals for weapons. It is still one of the primary industries which involve extraction of rocks like limestone and slate. People often talk about the disadvantages of quarrying but there are some advantages also. Quarrying is one activity which creates jobs like any other activity where there are limited opportunities. The products obtained through quarrying are of huge demand. There is big demand for building stone and cement all over the world. The local bodies or councils can make good income through taxation and in the forms of duty and levies.
Good Communication Facilities Needed
Mining requires good communication facilities which are required for transportation of the products of quarrying and it helps many backward and rural areas from this improved access. Different kinds of transport access are needed and the area gets developed because of improved road facilities and other mode of transport. Mining increases the geo-diversity of that particular region and it offers fresh broken faces which display the rocks clearly. Since there will not be vegetation the visibility of rocks will be good. In a place where there is vegetation the possibility of seeing rocks is more and they also expose the rock types.
This helps the people involved in mining. Mining helps the people who wants to study and do research in geology. By using the extracted material it can enhance trade of different types and it creates jobs for people around. It creates new habitats and after the removal of the extracted materials the area can be used for leisure and other sports activities. Quarrying destruct the natural beauty of a place and encourages production of bacteria, germs and insects which will create problems to the people. It leaves an open pit which can become a dumping ground if not used wisely.
Wildlife Habitat gets Destroyed
There are many disadvantages when quarrying is carried out in a particular area. Wildlife habitats are likely to be destroyed and fertile and valuable agricultural lands will be taken away. Quarrying is known for creating pollution from noise and dust. There will be heavy traffic which causes pollution and congestion on the village roads which otherwise are non polluted areas. The buildings in and around the quarry may face damages of different types because of the vibration caused due to the heavy traffic. Remember that heavy vehicles are going to be used for transporting the materials obtained after quarrying.
Quarries create visual pollution and seeing scars on the landscape is not a pleasing sight. There are chances of build up of gases like methane on the landfill sites and waste tips. Limestone is a non-renewable resource so it can be considered as unsustainable. The impact of quarrying can be reduced if landscaping and tree planting is done after the quarry is exhausted. It reduces visual pollution and while quarrying is happening screens can be set up around the quarries. There should be restrictions from the side of the government on the size of the quarry and also the working hours. Rail can be used as a mode of transport for quarried rock. Flooded quarries can be used for water sports and converted to a tourist spot.